Thursday, November 19, 2015

Influenza

Influenza 


Cherokee school district illness policy:  

  • Fever 100.0 or greater
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
If your son/daughter has any of these symptoms, they are required to stay home from school and activities for 24 hours after the symptoms have gone away, without the use of over the counter medications.


Influenza is a contagious illness caused by influenza viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent the flu is by getting a flu vaccination each year.



The symptoms of influenza include:

  • Fever (usually high)
  • Headache
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Dry cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Muscle aches
  • Stomach symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, also can occur but are more common in children than adults.

    How does the flu spread?



Flu viruses mainly spread from person to person through coughing or sneezing of people with influenza. Sometimes people may become infected by touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose. Most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning one day before symptoms develop and up to five days after becoming sick. That means that you may be able to pass on the flu to someone else before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sick.

What should I do if I get sick?

Most healthy people recover from the flu without complications. If you get the flu:
  • Stay home
  • Get lots of rest, drink plenty of liquids, and avoid using alcohol and tobacco
  • There are over-the-counter (OTC) medications to relieve the symptoms of the flu (but never give aspirin to children or teenagers who have flu-like symptom, particularly fever)
  • Remember that serious illness from the flu is more likely in certain groups of people including people 65 and older, pregnant women, people with certain chronic medical conditions and young children
  • Consult your doctor early for the best treatment, but also be aware of emergency warning signs that require urgent medical attention

How can I stop the spread of germs?


  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
  • Wash your hands often using soap for at least 15-20 seconds.
  • Throw away tissues after using them.
  • Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers when soap and water are not available.
  • Clean commonly used surfaces often (e.g., desks, handrails, doorknobs).
  • Avoid close contact.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.

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